Category: Newgate

Planned Network Maintenance

Title of Message: Planned BT Network Maintenance – Week commencing 1st February 2016 Created: 29/01/2016 @ 14:22 When is this work happening? Overnight throughout the week. What does it affect?

Broadband connectivity. How long will it take? Up to six hours each time.

What does the work involve? We’ve received notifications from our suppliers about maintenance work that is scheduled to take place in the following areas this week. This work typically takes place between midnight and 6am.

1st Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Newport Gwent, Southend, Preston.

2nd Belfast City, Bournemouth, Bromsgrove, Cambridge Trunk, Colindale and Coventry 3rd Aberconwy, Albert Dock, Ashton in Makerfield, Colchester, Guildford, Hemel Hempstead, Kingston, Stepney Green, Fordham – Colchester, Mile End, Slough, Wokingham, Putney, Combe Martin, Birmingham, Bromesberrow, Cardiff, Newtown, Llantwit, Haverfordwest, Guildford, Faversham, Preston, Glasgow, Fleetwood, Colombo, Paddington, Dartford, Epsom, Burghill – WN, Faraday, Hove, Wapping, Streatham, Manchester, Liverpool, Waterloo, Milton Kaynes & Cranford 5th Chester, Ashton in Makerfield, Belfast City, Bolton and Crawley, Glasgow Douglas, Guildford, Exeter Castle and Leeds Basinghall Although these are the areas or exchanges we have been notified of, due to the nature of the broadband network these outages may affect customers nationwide. There are also a number of smaller exchange works most nights of the week that may cause smaller outages at individual exchanges. Am I likely to notice the work?

Yes, there’s a chance that you may be disconnected from the internet for a period of time during the maintenance window. Is there anything else I need to know? Any customers having problems connecting once the maintenance is complete are advised to log into their router interface and click connect Kind Regards Customer Support Title of Message: Planned BT Network Maintenance – Week commencing 25th January 2016 Created: 22/01/2016 @ 15:46 When is this work happening?

Overnight throughout the week. What does it affect? Broadband connectivity.

How long will it take? Up to six hours each time. What does the work involve?

We’ve received notifications from our suppliers about maintenance work that is scheduled to take place in the following areas this week. This work typically takes place between midnight and 6am.

25th Worthing Central, Bolton, Darlington Quaker, Guildford, Doncaster, Exeter Castle, Birmingham Telephone House, Hemel Hempstead, Portsmouth Trunk, Preston, Wrexham Central, Cardiff, Edinburgh Donaldson, Peterborough, London Colindale, Bristol Cabot, Bathgate Castle and Bangor (Gwynedd) 26th Milton Keynes, Woburn Sands, Peterborough, Swanton Abbott, Normanby by Spital, Bottesford, Preston, Hightown, Settle, Bridge of Weir, Sheffield, Tern Hill, Bakewell, Slough, St. Marychurch, Ilchester, London Stepney Green, Canvey Island, Sutton Valence, Ilford North, Wolverhampton, Albrighton, Slough, London Wandsworth, London Colindale, Northwood, Stamford Hill, Wembley, London Colombo, Euston, Pangbourne, Canvey Island, Guildford, Bagshot, Godalming, Leeds, Thirsk, Driffield, Burley-in-Wharfedale, Manchester, Caernarfon, Christleton, Coppull, Pontefract, Wrexham, Bolton, Chesterfield, Coventry Greyfriars, Kingston, South, Hemel Hempstead and London Kidbrooke.

27th Pickering, Doncaster, Healing and Lincoln, , Bude, Germoe, London Colindale, Northwood, London Colombo, London Surbiton, London Sydenham, Guildford, Birdham, Sevington, Moorhill, Milton Keynes, Long Crendon, Great Yeldham, Wadringfield, Preston, Scotstoun, Accrington, Hest Bank, Slough, Leatherhead, Wargrave, Seaton Slough, London Stepney Green, Sittingbourne, Moreton, Wolverhampton, Presteigne, Shrewsbury, Sandal (Wakefield), Paddock Wood, St. Annes, Higher Bolton, Rothwell, Marton (Middlesbrough), Polmont, Otford, London Stratford, Challock, Blackpool North Shore, Silchester, Normanton, Longridge, Rothwell, Shere, Newhaven, Leysdown-on-Sea, Bentley, London Bermondsey, London Colindale, Milton Keynes, London Upton Park and Wolverhampton.

28th Kingston, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Upton Park, Cardiff & Roath, Slough, South Chard, South Petherton, Upwey, Stepney Green – Seal, Poplar, Stepney Green Green, Manchester – Daubhill, Milton Keynes, Daventry, Peterborough, Aldeby, Preston – Tandragee, Sheffield, Whitwell (Notts), Wolverhampton, Craven Arms, Swinton, Manchester, Whitworth, New Mills, Kislingbury, London Ingrebourne, Clifton (York), Crawley, Elland, Derby, Edinburgh Granton, Chesterfield, Coventry Central, Exeter Castle, Bolton, Belfast City, Bishops Stortford, Glasgow and Guildford.

29th Pendleton, Preston & Tunbridge Wells, Belfast City, Chelmsford, Chesterfield, Croydon, Darlington and Guildford, Glasgow, Millisle, Guildford, Twyford, Godalming, Wickham Hants, Manchester, Adlington, Atherton, Milton Keynes, Oakley, Great Horkesley, Newcastle, Ponteland, Preston, Mellor, Halsall, Longridge, Slough, Tiverton, Portland, Ilminster, Stepney, Ingatestone, Upton and Sheering. Although these are the areas or exchanges we have been notified of, due to the nature of the broadband network these outages may affect customers nationwide.

There are also a number of smaller exchange works most nights of the week that may cause smaller outages at individual exchanges. Am I likely to notice the work? Yes, there’s a chance that you may be disconnected from the internet for a period of time during the maintenance window.

Is there anything else I need to know? Any customers having problems connecting once the maintenance is complete are advised to log into their router interface and click connect Kind Regards Customer Support Title of Message: Planned BT Network Maintenance – Week commencing 18th January 2016 Created: 15/01/2016 @ 14:43 When is this work happening? Overnight throughout the week.

What does it affect? Broadband connectivity. How long will it take?

Up to six hours each time. What does the work involve? We’ve received notifications from our suppliers about maintenance work that is scheduled to take place in the following areas this week.

This work typically takes place between midnight and 6am.

18th Darlington, Exeter and Guildford.

19th Guildford – Winkfield Row, Guildford – Newport Isle of Wight, Leeds ? Dringhouses, Manchester – Blackfriars, Milton Keynes ? Ipswich, Milton Keynes – Ampthill, Peterborough – Uppingham, Peterborough -South Wootton, Peterborough – Southwold, Preston – Barrow-In-Furness, Slough – Parkstone, Slough – Whimple, Slough – Penn Bucks, Stepney Green – Gants Hill, Stepney Green – Rainham, Stepney Green ?

Albert Dock, Bangor Gwynedd, Corwen, Wrexham, Bristol Central, Darlington, Liverpool, Lancaster, Exeter Castle, Edingurgh Donaldson, Erdington, Ashton In Makerfield.

20th Darlington, Exeter Castle, Birmingham Midland, Newcastle upon Tyne, Oldham, Birmingham, Monmouth, Bromyard, Ulley, Bristol, North Trowbridgem Bude, Mevagissey, Cardiff, Bargoed, Keynsham, London Colombo, London Pimlico, Derby, Braunstone, Walsgrave on Sowe, Guildford, Lindfield, Lyminge, Hindhead, Leeds, Boroughbridge, Leeds, Ripon, Manchester, Moss Side, Gatley, Milton Keynes, Brixworth, Duston, Peterborough, Holbeach, Market Deeping, Sheffield, Hathersage, Slough, Little Chalfont, Kidmore End, Williton, London Stepney Green, London Poplar, Sittingbourne, Medway, Wolverhampton, Swinton, South Molton.

21st Portsmouth, Preston and South Sheilds.

22nd Birmingham Telephone House, Walsall, Preston, Liverpool Lancaster House, Slough, Newcastle-upon-Tyne Central, Swansea. Although these are the areas or exchanges we have been notified of, due to the nature of the broadband network these outages may affect customers nationwide. There are also a number of smaller exchange works most nights of the week that may cause smaller outages at individual exchanges.

Am I likely to notice the work? Yes, there’s a chance that you may be disconnected from the internet for a period of time during the maintenance window. Is there anything else I need to know?

Any customers having problems connecting once the maintenance is complete are advised to log into their router interface and click connect Kind Regards Customer Support Title of Message: Planned BT Network Maintenance – Week commencing 11th January 2016 Created: 10/01/2016 @ 15:49 When is this work happening? Overnight throughout the week. What does it affect?

Broadband connectivity. How long will it take? Up to six hours each time.

What does the work involve? We’ve received notifications from our suppliers about maintenance work that is scheduled to take place in the following areas this week. This work typically takes place between midnight and 6am.

11th Stanstead Abbotts, London Woolwich, Eston Grange, Barnard Castle, Eaglescliffe, Limpley Stoke, Surbiton, Linton, Brockenhurst, Potton Beds, Bradford on Avon, London Crayford, Hertford, Flax Bourton and London Dartford.

12th South Molton, Cambridge, Ashton in Makerfield, Bromsgrove, Bournemouth, Cardiff, Roath, Chelmsford, Bristol, Bishops Stortford, Colchester, Doncaster, Croydon and Colindale.

14th Guildford – Wye Milton Keynes – Corsham, Bicester, Chipping Norton Newcastle – Redcar Peterborough – Epworth, Slough – West Wellow, MARNHULL, Wellington Stepney Green – St Osyth, Orsett, Mile End, Stock Wolverhampton – Church Stretton, Oakengates, Wellington Telford, Bishops Stortford, Bromsgrove, Cambridge, Colchester, London Colindale, Croydon, Doncaster, Birmingham Erdington, Stornoway, Guildford, Lincoln, Liverpool, Newcastle upon Tyne.

15th Guildford – Bramley, Leeds – Silkstone, Leeds ? Elland, Leeds ? Pocklington, Manchester ?

Walkden, Milton Keynes – Chipping Norton, Milton Keynes ? Shefford, Milton Keynes – Houghton Regis, Peterborough ?Benwick, Peterborough ? Walcott, Slough – North Petherton, Slough – St Marychurch, Slough – Budleigh Salterton, Stepney Green – Ilford North – Stepney Green – London Theydon Bois, Stepney Green – Otham, Newton-le-Willows, Liverpool Simonswood, Lamplugh, Brampton, Appleby, Stourport, frensham, Dipton, Bordon, Birchwood, Headley Down, Liverpool Caldy, Ormskirk, Prestbury, Bacton, Hartley Wintney, Waterbeach, Brandon Suffolk, Parbold.

Although these are the areas or exchanges we have been notified of, due to the nature of the broadband network these outages may affect customers nationwide. There are also a number of smaller exchange works most nights of the week that may cause smaller outages at individual exchanges. Am I likely to notice the work?

Yes, there’s a chance that you may be disconnected from the internet for a period of time during the maintenance window. Is there anything else I need to know? Any customers having problems connecting once the maintenance is complete are advised to log into their router interface and click connect Kind Regards Customer Support Title of Message: Planned Network Maintenance – Friday 11th 05:00-07:00 Created: 08/12/2015 @ 14:33 When’s this work happening?

Between 05:00 on the 11th December – to 07:00. What does it affect? Broadband Connectivity How long will it take?

Upto 2 hours within the maintenance window. What does the work involve? Temporarily disconnecting some users in order to improve the overall network service.

Am I likely to notice the work? Yes, there may be a loss of connectivity but users would be expected to reconnect automatically. Is there anything else I need to know?

Any sites having problems connecting once the maintenance is complete are advised log into their router interface and click “connect”, failing that to power cycle their router. Kind regards, Customer Support Title of Message: Planned BT Network Maintenance – Week commencing 7th December 2015 Created: 04/12/2015 @ 16:12 When is this work happening? Overnight throughout the week.

What does it affect? Broadband connectivity. How long will it take?

Up to six hours each time. What does the work involve? We’ve received notifications from our suppliers about maintenance work that is scheduled to take place in the following areas this week.

This work typically takes place between midnight and 6am.

8th Wolverhampton – Wombourne and Little Haywood, Preston -South Shore, Newcastle -Newcastle West and Whitehaven, Guildford – East Horsley and Blewbury and Winkfield Row, Glasgow – Inverbervie and Duns and Cockenzie, Birmingham – Stone, Leeds – Hipperholme, Colombo-Earls Court, Derby -Beeston and Buckminster, Preston – Liverpool Cressington Pk, Manchester – Eccles, Colindale -Lords and Bovingdon, Colombo – Forest Hill, Birmingham – Wolston, Sheffield -Hawarden and Wadsley Bridge, Newcastle – Barnard Castle, Preston – Kirkby Lonsdale, Bristol – Falfield, Faraday – Erith, Milton Keynes – Freeland, Slough – Haytor, Stepney Green -Epping, Ashton in Makerfield, Croydon, Darlington, Edinburgh Donaldson, Kingston TE, Liverpool Lancaster Hse, Malton, Newcastle upon Tyne Central, Norwich City, Wolverhampton 9th Glasgow – Abbeyhill and Blantyre and Newmacher, Wolverhampton – Chirk and Chirbury, Newcastle – Harrington and Barnard Castleand and Whitehaven, Derby -Buckminster, Guildford -Farnham, Preston – Accrington, Colombo -Purley, Preston – Liverpool Irby, Guildford – Godstone, Colombo -Hullbridge, Colindale – Harrow, Birmingham – Redditch Headless Cross, Cardiff – St Davids, Leeds – Hutton Sessay, Sheffield -Barnby Dun, Preston -North Shore, Stepney Green -South Ockendon, Birmingham -Cheltenham, Cardiff – Stoke Bishop, Leeds – Melbourne, Glasgow – Crossgar, Preston- Morecambe, Slough – Newbury and Lytchett Minster, Milton Keynes – Baldock, and Coilmworth, Faraday – Hadlow and Barcombe, Colombo – Purley and Crayford, Norwich City, Pendelton, Pontefract, Slough, Wolverhampton 10th Ashton-in-Makerfield, Liverpool, Norwich, Manchester Pendleton, Pontefract, Slough 11th Bedlington, Church Stretton, Burghill, Granton, Toomebridge, East Herrington, Great Baddow, Bristol Kingsmead, Newington, Horsley, Coleraine, Romsley, Hullbridge, New Oakley, Barnoldswick, Dartford, London New Cross, East Horsley, East Haddon, Wetheral, Londonderry, Edinburgh Davidson, St. Annes, South Cerney, Repton, Yealmpton, Northwood, Ashton-in-Makerfield, Liverpool, Malton, Norwich, Manchester Pendleton, Slough Although these are the areas or exchanges we have been notified of, due to the nature of the broadband network these outages may affect customers nationwide. There are also a number of smaller exchange works most nights of the week that may cause smaller outages at individual exchanges.

Am I likely to notice the work? Yes, there’s a chance that you may be disconnected from the internet for a period of time during the maintenance window. Is there anything else I need to know?

Any customers having problems connecting once the maintenance is complete are advised to log into their router interface and click connect Kind Regards Customer Support Title of Message: Planned BT Network Maintenance – Week commencing 30th November 2015 Created: 27/11/2015 @ 17:05 When is this work happening? Overnight throughout the week. What does it affect?

Broadband connectivity. How long will it take? Up to six hours each time.

What does the work involve? We’ve received notifications from our suppliers about maintenance work that is scheduled to take place in the following areas this week. This work typically takes place between midnight and 6am.

30th London Upper Holloway, Bristol Cabot, Leeds Basinghall, Rochdale College, Rugby College, Whitehaven, Wolverhampton Central.

1st Cardiff, Edinburgh Donaldson, Guildford, London Colindale, Cambridge, Cardiff, London Colindale, Croydon, Erdington, Leeds Basinghall, Milton Keynes, Portsmouth, London Bermondsey.

2nd Bournemouth, Cambridge Trunk, Lincoln, Milton Keynes, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Peterborough Wentworth, Plymouth, Portsmouth Trunk, Manchester Wythenshawe, Alderley Edge, Horbury Ossett, Thirsk, Sherburn Hill, Sunderland, Henley-on-Thames, Alresford, Aberdeen Balgownie, Dunfermline, Camelford, Banknock, Mold, Melbourn, South Harrow, Liverpool Great Crosby, Melbourne.

3rd Bournemouth, Bristol, Cambridge, Lincoln, Manchester, Milton Keynes, Peterborough, Plymouth, Swansea & Wolverhampton.

4th Cardiff, Roath, Erdington, Peterborough, Wentworth, Wolverhampton. Although these are the areas or exchanges we have been notified of, due to the nature of the broadband network these outages may affect customers nationwide. There are also a number of smaller exchange works most nights of the week that may cause smaller outages at individual exchanges.

Am I likely to notice the work? Yes, there’s a chance that you may be disconnected from the internet for a period of time during the maintenance window. Is there anything else I need to know?

Any customers having problems connecting once the maintenance is complete are advised to log into their router interface and click connect Kind Regards Customer Support Title of Message: Planned BT Network Maintenance – Week commencing 23rd November 2015 Created: 20/11/2015 @ 12:56 When is this work happening? Overnight throughout the week. What does it affect?

Broadband connectivity. How long will it take? Up to six hours each time.

What does the work involve? We’ve received notifications from our suppliers about maintenance work that is scheduled to take place in the following areas this week. This work typically takes place between midnight and 6am.

23rd London Stepney Green, 24th Bedminster, Inverness Macdhui, London Howland St, London Mayfair, Manchester Dial House, Slough , Glasgow, Leeds Basinghall, London Upton Park & Peterborough, Croydon, Falkirk, Manchester Dial House, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Portsmouth, Swansea, Truro, Yeovil 25th Mansfield, Sheffield Eldon House, Glasgow, London Colindale, Bristol Cabot 26th Croydon, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Portsmouth Trunk, Truro, Yeovil, London Maida Vale, London Moslesey, London Rickmanworth, London Romford South, Hertford, Heywood, Manchester Woodley, Morriston, Mosborough, Narborough, Lancs & Newark Although these are the areas or exchanges we have been notified of, due to the nature of the broadband network these outages may affect customers nationwide. There are also a number of smaller exchange works most nights of the week that may cause smaller outages at individual exchanges. Am I likely to notice the work?

Yes, there’s a chance that you may be disconnected from the internet for a period of time during the maintenance window. Is there anything else I need to know? Any customers having problems connecting once the maintenance is complete are advised to log into their router interface and click connect Kind Regards Customer Support Title of Message: Planned BT Network Maintenance – Week commencing 16th November 2015 Created: 13/11/2015 @ 20:11 When is this work happening?

Overnight throughout the week. What does it affect? Broadband connectivity.

How long will it take? Up to six hours each time. What does the work involve?

We’ve received notifications from our suppliers about maintenance work that is scheduled to take place in the following areas this week. This work typically takes place between midnight and 6am.

16th Birmingham, Hove, London Upper Holloway, North Walsham, Dorchester & Llanishen, Canterbury Stour, Halifax, Harlow, Leeds Basinghall, Woodly Berks, Yelverton 17th Edinburgh Donaldson, Colindale, London Isleworth, London Leytonstone, Bridgewater, Castle Donnington, Liverpool Aintree, London Welwyn Garden, Lymington Hants, Newton Abbot, Workington & Worksop Newgate, Bristol Central, Colchester, Erdington, Newport-Gwent, Nottingham-Bowman Sheriff, Slough & Swansea 18th Ipswich, London Kingston, Southbank, Londonderry Meg, Ribbleton & Newcastle Upon Tyne, Reading Central Thames, Bristol Central, Colchester, Erdington, Newport Gwent, Nottingham, Swansea, 19th Aberdeen Central, Birmingham Harbourne, Cleethorpes, Clevedon, London Conham & Glasgow Govan, London Deptford, Bristol Central, Colchester, Newport Gwent, Nottingham Bowman Sheriff, Swansea, 20th Aberdeen Ashgrove, Birmingham Aston Cross, Chester Town, Kesgrave, Kirkwall, Milton Keynes & Illingworth, BRISTOL CABOT, Colchester, Newport Gwent, Nottingham, Slough & Swansea, Bristol Cabot, Glasgow Telephone House, Manchester Dial House, Wolverhampton Although these are the areas or exchanges we have been notified of, due to the nature of the broadband network these outages may affect customers nationwide. There are also a number of smaller exchange works most nights of the week that may cause smaller outages at individual exchanges.

Am I likely to notice the work? Yes, there’s a chance that you may be disconnected from the internet for a period of time during the maintenance window. Is there anything else I need to know?

Any customers having problems connecting once the maintenance is complete are advised to log into their router interface and click connect Title of Message: Planned BT Network Maintenance – Week commencing 9th November 2015 Created: 06/11/2015 @ 14:41 When is this work happening? Overnight throughout the week. What does it affect?

Broadband connectivity. How long will it take? Up to six hours each time.

What does the work involve? We’ve received notifications from our suppliers about maintenance work that is scheduled to take place in the following areas this week. This work typically takes place between midnight and 6am.

10th Sheffield, Ludlow, Truro Kenwyn, Thurso & Tynegate, Wadebridge, Whitchurch, Willenhall – Staffs, Woking, Filton, Worle & Yateley 11th London Maida Vale, London Molesey, London Rickmansworth & London Romford South, Hertford, Heywood, Manchester Woodley, Morriston, Mosborough, Narborough, Lancs & Newark 12th Doncaster Don, Falkirk, London Bermondsey, Edinburgh Caledonian, Kendal, Cheltenham, Holmbrook, Holywell, London Lee Green, London Lords & Wolverton Bucks, East Grinstead Although these are the areas or exchanges we have been notified of, due to the nature of the broadband network these outages may affect customers nationwide. There are also a number of smaller exchange works most nights of the week that may cause smaller outages at individual exchanges. Am I likely to notice the work?

Yes, there’s a chance that you may be disconnected from the internet for a period of time during the maintenance window. Is there anything else I need to know? Any customers having problems connecting once the maintenance is complete are advised to log into their router interface and click connect.

Kind regards Matthew Wheeler

Thomas Culpepper in 5 Minutes

Image from YouTube Thomas Culpepper was one of the two men executed on December 10, 1541, for his crimes against the king. He and Francis Dereham were charged with treason after their affairs with Kathryn Howard, Henry VIII s fifth wife. While Francis was before Kathryn s marriage to Henry, Thomas crimes were during.

There are debates over whether Thomas and Kathryn actually had a relationship, or whether there was just an attraction. Some historians also suggest that Thomas pressured Kathryn into a relationship, and even possibly raped her. It would depend on whether you believe this was the same Thomas Culpepper who raped a park-keeper s wife.

Rather than get into the debate, I will share the facts. Some of them will cover the rape of the park-keeper s wife, just to see whether he could have possibly done it, but I ll mostly look at who he was before his December execution and the events leading up to it. The Early Life of Thomas Culpepper Very little is known about Thomas early life.

He was born around 1514, which would have made him around the same age as Francis Dereham at the time of his execution. It would have also made him possibly 10 years older than Queen Kathryn. Thomas had two older brothers, one of them also called Thomas.

This was common for the Tudor period. With the high rates of infant mortality and childhood deaths, many parents would choose the same Christian name for their children, as a way to ensure the name survived. It just so happened that both Thomases survived into adulthood.

The Culpeppers rose in power due to their relation to the Howard line. Kathryn and Thomas were distant cousins. This could explain how Thomas became a courtier for the Viscount Lisle, and collected various items for him and his wife, by 1535.

He was honored with a hawk by Lisle s wife three years later and he worked to gain one with Richard Cromwell for the king. Thomas Culpepper, Favorite of the King It is no lie that Thomas was a favorite of Henry VIII of England. This is why it is such a shock that many believe he was the one who raped the park-keeper s wife, and murdered a villager Image from YouTube afterwards to try and cover it up.

Rape and murder were serious offenses, and Henry wouldn t have kept someone close to him without any punishment at all if they did commit those crimes. This is why some historians believe that it was Thomas older brother with the same name who committed the crime. The problem with this theory is that the older Thomas was knighted later in life and referenced in the family tree.

If he did murder and rape, he would have been an embarrassment to the family. Whoever it was did receive a pardon from Henry. This is why it is possible that the younger Thomas could have been the guilty party.

But would Henry have wanted such a person so close to him, his wives (he was around during Anne of Cleves reign 1 , too) and daughters? Probably not. Henry could have pardoned the older brother, though.

It is no secret that Henry gave Thomas a number of gifts between 1537 and 1541, including properties in various counties. He was also one of the courtiers who greeted Anne of Cleves when she arrived from Germany to marry Henry in 1540. Thomas Culpepper Falls In Love With Kathryn Howard?

There are debates over whether Thomas and Kathryn actually had an affair 2 or not. In 1541, Henry VIII heard about Kathryn s life before coming to court, and Francis Dereham was initially questioned. It was he who brought up Thomas attention.

He apparently caught Kathryn s attention in 1540 and the two had been involved in an affair since. The evidence condemning Thomas was a love letter to him from Kathryn. There is no proof that this was actually written by the queen, and some believe it was planted by Kathryn s enemies.

Thomas would have had close contact with Kathryn, being in the position that he was in. Historians believe that Thomas asked Kathryn for favors and this led to private meetings; meetings that were overseen by Jane Boleyn, Lady Rochford. The love letter Kathryn allegedly sent asked about his illness and how he was.

It also suggested that Thomas had political gain. The two were waiting for Henry VIII to die, and Thomas would then marry the dowager wueen. This would have been enough to convict him of treason, as imagining the death of the king was a treasonous act.

This letter also suggested that Kathryn at least loved Thomas. It is possible that he did attract her attention, considering the way she reacted when other men showed her affection or attention. Remember that Henry was in his 50s at this point, and suffered from a smelly, ulcerous leg.

Thomas was much younger, fitter and handsomer. When Thomas was arrested and questioned, he never initially admitted to an affair. However, he did bring up Jane Boleyn during the questions, and that led to her arrest.

The Execution of Thomas Culpepper Thomas was found guilty of adultery with Kathryn. Numerous members of Kathryn s household testified against him and the queen, protecting themselves. It was only possibly under torture that Thomas finally admitted to a sexual relationship with the queen.

He was quickly sentenced to death; a traitor s death. He did plead to Henry VIII for mercy, and was granted it. Unlike Francis 3 , his executed was commuted to beheading by axe, possibly due to his previous relationship with the king.

This can sound surprising to some, as surely the king was more hurt knowing that someone so close to him had violated his trust. It seems that Henry was more angry at Francis, who had slept with his wife before him. Thomas was executed 4 on December 10, 1541, and his head placed on London Bridge to warn others.

His body was buried at St. Sepulchre-without-Newgate in London, unlike others who were thrown into unmarked graves at St. Peter ad Vincula.

It was an unfortunate end. Did he and Kathryn have an affair? Personally, I believe that something happened, unlike with Anne Boleyn.

Thomas should have known better, though. His family was at court during Anne s fall. He should have known what could happen if an affair was ever found; and an affair never stayed quiet in Henry VIII s court.

Report Content To report this post you need to login 5 first. About The Author Alexandria Ingham 6 I’m Alexandria Ingham, and am a work at home mommy and full-time freelance writer. Writing has always been a passion from a young age, but it was only in 2009 that I decided to use it to make money online.

Since then, I’ve managed to make a career out of it and don’t regret it.

While history and weight loss are two of my favorite topics, I love writing about absolutely anything and even have fictional pieces in the works.

References ^ Anne of Cleves reign (writedge.com) ^ Thomas and Kathryn actually had an affair (wizzley.com) ^ Unlike Francis (writedge.com) ^ Thomas was executed (aingham86.hubpages.com) ^ Login (writedge.com) ^ Alexandria Ingham (writedge.com)

Wigan Rotary says Follow That Float this Christmas 2015

Santa and his Carol Float will be out and about again when we get nearer to Christmas. He will be helping the My Life organisation at Standish Equestrian Centre on Nov 30 from 12.30 until 3.30 He will be at Tesco , Wigan several times in December :- Saturday 12 th 10 am to 8 pm Sunday 13 th 10 am to 4 pm — Thursday 17 th 10am to 4 pm — Friday 18 th 10 am to 8 pm Saturday 19 th 10 am to 4.30 pm — Sunday 20 th 10 am to 4 pm — Weds 23 rd 10 am to 5 pm He will be at Sainsbury s, Goose Green from 9.30 am to5 30 pm on the following dates; December Monday 14 th , Tuesday 15 th , Monday 21 st and Tuesday 22 nd . On December 16 th (Wednesday) he will be at Asda, Newtown from 10 am until 8 pm He will also be making several tours of the borough.

Details as follows:- Nov.

30 (Monday) Standish West – Copeland Ave, Churchlands Lane areas Dec.

1 (Tuesday) Gidlow East – Hodges St, Barnsley St areas Dec.

2 (Wednesday) Standish North – Kenyon Rd, James Square, Avondale Rd areas Dec.

3 (Thursday) Gidlow West – St Andrews Cres, Norfolk St, Rylands St areas Dec.

4 (Friday) Shevington South – Churchland, Inward Dr, Vicarage Lane areas Dec.

5 (Saturday) Shevington North Elmfield, Redwood, High Park, Longbrook areas Dec.

6 (Sunday) Standish West – Woodhurst Dr, Langham Rd, Green Ln areas Dec.

7 (Monday) Almond Brk – Shevington Moor, Hesketh Dr, Cressell Pk areas Dec.

8 (Tuesday) Swinley – Danesway, Swinley Ln, Holme Av areas Dec.

9 (Wednesday) Orrell North – Mersey Rd, Coniston Av, Broxton Av areas Dec.

10 (Thursday) Orrell South – Shirewell Rd, Naburn Dr, Wilsham Rd, Lynbridge Dec.

11 (Friday) Standish Central – St Wilfrids, Cranleigh, Grove Ln areas Dec.

12 (Saturday) The Rotary Choir will be singing carols in the Grand Arcade Dec.

13 (Sunday) Standish South – Boars Head Av, Hartington Dr, Pilgrims Way Dec.

14 (Monday) Winstanley – Pepperwood Dr, Crowther Dr areas Dec.

15 (Tuesday) Hawkley – Whitcroft Rd, Navemby Rd, Fulbeck Av areas Dec.

19 (Saturday) Appley Bridge – Woodnook Rd, Runshaw Av, Newgate Av areas Dec.

20 (Sunday) Whitley – Whitley Cres, Hazelwood, Sittingbourne Rd, Romney Way Dec.

21 (Monday) Winstanley – Melrose Dr, Ravenswood Av, Tan House Dr areas Dec.

22 (Tuesday) Goose Green – Crestwood Av, Clapgate Ln, Cromer Rd areas Follow us on Facebook: https//www.facebook.com/Wigan-Rotary-Club-443050122538388/timeline/Pref=hl and on Twitter: https//twiter.com/rotary wigan

Newgate Clocks Pantry Wall Clock Clockwork Grey

code: 1676 Colourful, compact clock Deep acrylic case with soft rubberised finish Arabic numbered dial Metal lolly stick style hands Glass lens Diameter: 23.3cm Depth: 7.2cm Requires 1x AA Battery (not included) One year guarantee on movement Other colours available